The terms dermatitis and eczema are often used interchangeably and refers to a group of inflammatory conditions that affects the outer layer of the skin. Dermatitis is common, results from a variety of different causes and has various patterns. It may present as a single episode or can be a chronic recurrent condition. The treatment plan depends on the specific type and severity of eczema.

Types of Eczema

  • Atopic dermatitis in children and adults with atopic backgrounds (eg family history of dermatitis or asthma)
  • Irritant contact dermatitis is provoked by handling water, chemicals and friction. Common in atopic dermatitis.
  • Nappy dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis due to skin contact with substances that most people don't react to eg nickel, hair dye or preservatives. Patch testing helpful
  • Nummular dermatitis are persistent, scattered coin-shaped irritable patches
  • Seborrhoeic  dermatitis and dandruff of the scalp and face
  • Venous stasis dermatitis on the lower legs of the elderly, due to swelling and varricose veins.
  • Unclassified eczema