Acne vulgaris usually begins during puberty, in line with hormone changes, and may persist into later adulthood. Adults, particularly women, may experience acne later in life.
Acne usually affect the face, but the neck, shoulders, chest and back may be affected too.
Skin becomes oily and comedones (black and whiteheads) may appear on the face. In moderate acne, skin becomes reddened and inflamed pimples develop. Painful acne cysts is a sign of severe acne. Scarring and pigmentation is a common complaint.
It is important to seek dermatological advice in the early stages of acne. There is treatment available for every grade of acne and for any age group.
What causes and triggers acne?
- Psychological stress
Cigarette smoking, heavy make-up and certain skin products may contribute.
The dermatologist will prescribe treatment based on your grade of acne.
Topical and oral prescription medication are used in combination with cosmetic products depending on the severity of the acne and the individual symptoms. There are alternative choices for different skin types, for females and during pregnancy.
Acne treatment takes 4-8 weeks to take effect. Symptoms may get worse before they get better.
Anti-pigmentation procedures and treatments are available that include bleaching methods, chemical peeling and microneedling. Dermal fillers and micro-needling procedures can improve the appearance of acne scarring.